Drainage is a very important aspect of owning your home, doing proper maintenance and repairs can save you costly plumbing bills in the future.
IN HOME DRAIN MAINTENANCE
An easy, safe and environmentally friendly method of drain maintenance is to mix baking soda and vinegar down every drain in your house (kitchen and bathroom sinks, bathtubs and showers drains, etc.) and follow it 10-15 minutes later with boiling hot kettle water. Repeat this about once a month to help maintain your drains and prevent drain blockages. If a drain does become clogged, do not use drain-o or other chemically corrosive or harmful “drain cleaners.” Instead try using a plunger, if the drain is still blocked contact us for further assistance.
DRAIN TILE MAINTENANCE
It is important to properly maintain your drain tiles by cleaning them out every 12-18 months, to avoid such problems as blockages from debris, or worse structural damage due to root growth or land settling. If you do not properly maintain your drain tile system water from your water table will work its way into your house and begin to flood your basement or crawl space, causing damage to drywall, flooring, furniture, electronics and so on.
Other Sewer And Drain Cleaning Services
• Drain Tile
• Camera Inspections
• Pipe Locating
• Kitchen & Bathroom Sinks
• Preventative Maintenance
• Laundry Drains
• Storm Drains
• High Velocity Water Jetting
• Main Sewer Lines
• Dishwasher Drains
• Catch Basins
• Main Drains
• Roof Drains
• Manhole Systems
• Area Drains
• Floor Drains
Foundation Drain Tile Installation
Foundation drainage tile systems are one of the most important aspects of residential construction. Drain tile systems are also one of the most misunderstood aspects. Because these systems are usually deeply buried and cannot be easily modified or corrected, it is vitally important that they are installed correctly. Foundation drainage systems which are installed properly can serve a dual roll.
Many homes around the nation have full or partial basements. These basements are really reverse swimming pools. In other words, most people don’t want water in their basements. Foundation drain tile systems act as the means by which ground water can be transported away from your basement. If you want a dry basement, you must have an adequate foundation drainage system.
The water content in the soil surrounding your house can fluctuate seasonally. There is always a point at which you can dig and hit water. Geologists often refer to this as the water table. This water table rises and falls in response to the amount of precipitation in any given time period. The water table in many parts of the country can rise to within a few feet of the surface during wet spells. Water will take the path of least resistance. It can choose to go sideways through a crack in your foundation, or it can go down alongside your foundation into a pipe. I’m sure that you will agree that it is a better idea for the water to go down the pipe.
A foundation drain tile system has four main components. The drain tile (pipe), the filter media (gravel), the gravel cover, and the water outlet. All of these elements must be installed for the system to function properly.
The drain tile or pipe is usually 4″ in diameter and is perforated or has pre-drilled holes along its length. Depending upon the type, it can be purchased in rolls up to 250′ or in 10’sections. Fittings are available to allow you to go around corners or interconnect the pipe.
The filter media or gravel is used to cover the drain tile. Water can flow readily through this gravel and find its way to the pipe. Remember, water takes the path of least resistance. Some soils (heavy clays) resist water movement. If your soil is like this, the water would rather go sideways into your basement than down through the clay soil to the drain tile. The gravel that is used most often is large (1 – 1 1/2″ diameter) washed rounded gravel.
The gravel cover is a barrier which keeps silt and mud from clogging the gravel or the draintile pipe. During excavation, dirt removed from the hole is “fluffed.” This means that it is disturbed and broken up. It is loosened further during back filling procedures. All of these small dirt particles (silt) can be easily carried through the gravel by the rain water or snowmelt which enters this soil. Without a barrier, these silt particles immediately clog the gravel and drain tile and render it useless. A wide majority of builders often do not install this barrier. The materials commonly used are straw or tar paper.
The water outlet is simply the place where the collected water flows to. It can be one of three places. If you build on a hillside, your drain tile will simply ‘daylight’ or come to the surface. This is the best situation, because your system depends entirely on gravity to work. If you build on level ground, you have basically two choices, install a sump pit or a large buried French drain. A sump pit is usually installed inside the basement of your home. The drain tile pipe runs beneath the footer to this sump. The collected water is then mechanically pumped from the sump. A French drain is a large subterranean pit filled with gravel. The drain tile pipe runs to this pit and the water fills this pit. French drains do not work well in areas where the water table rises above the level of the basement floor.
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